Grade 4

Writing

Memoirs JournalsDiaries… Personal Narratives …

At the beginning of your memoir unit, have students write a memoir and assess using a personal narrative or impromptu quick scale (see assessment tab above for student-friendly rubrics).  Use this assessment to inform your instruction.  As you explicitly teach each mini-lessons like those below, assess again, providing students with descriptive feedback regarding their progress. When students see their progress on a highlighted rubric, they are motivated to continue.

Book Title/Cover Memoir Overview Objective Lesson Links & Black Line Masters
Alma Sofia Esperanza Jose Pura Candela thinks her name is too long.  As her Dad tells the stories of how her name came to be,
Alma might just change her mind.
This story creates a perfect fit between the personal identity element of the core competencies and establishing an authentic purpose for doing some research and writing the story behind your name. Writing Trait: Ideas

Creating Details: Alma and How She Got Her Name

Use a variety of memoir-style novels for lit circles. As students read these books, they can gather topics for their own memoirs while learning about the characteristics of this genre. Titles for Memoir Lit Circles
Number 21 recalls an event in author Nancy Hundal’s life in which her Dad brings home a new truck. Readers are lead on a mini mystery as the truck is used in an unconventional way on a hot summer day. Well written memoirs are based on ideas that have a very tight focus. In this lesson, Nancy’s book is used as a mentor text to model the narrow writing focus we want our students to have. Generating memoir topics at the beginning of the unitWriting Trait: Ideas       Number 21: Ideas to Launch a Memoir Unit 
  Sally McCabe pays super, extra, special attention to everything she sees and notices what other might overlook. Your students will be encouraged to notice what others may have missed.  During recess or lunch, can they witness acts of kindness or suggest ways to solve problems? Writing Trait: Ideas  The Smallest Girl in the Smallest Grade; Noticing and writing details
  A funny look at what can happen if we don’t clean up our spaces. After reading this delightful book, we ask our students to gather examples of wonderful word choices used by the author of this book. Using a class-made chart, students do a quick write about a messy space in their world! Writing Trait: Ideas ~ adding details  and Word Choice

 

Frankenstink!

If You Find a Rock is one of those books that calms the soul and slows life’s pace to one of careful observation. Take kids outside … to the beach, a river bank or into the forest where they will choose a rock that speaks to them. After outdoor exploration and locating a special rock, students will carefully describe its appearance, qualities and specific use.Experiential writing should not be underestimated.  When we provide students with memories, they are ready to write! Writing Trait: Ideas ~ adding details  If you Find a Rock ~ Play-Based Writing
Eva’s teacher has asked her to write about what she knows, but nothing every happens on 90th Street. Or does it? As Eva searches for writing ideas, she is given advice from some colourful characters in her neighborhood. In this lesson, students listen for the pieces of advice Eva is given and record them on a black line master. After modeling how this advice is used, students do a quick write of their own. Black line masters below are from http://www.writingfix.com/Index.htm       Writing Trait: Ideas      90th Street Advice90th Street Teacher Model

90th Street Quick Write

When Matt goes out to play in his new neighborhood, all he sees is a boring, empty lot. But with a stick, a little imagination and a few new friends, Mattland is born. In this lesson, students use the Show, Don’t Tell writing strategy to add details to their writing. Writing Trait: Ideas    
Mattland
Granpa has magical explanations for ordinary things – a frosty window-pan, dewdrops sparkling on the grass, even his own bald head – and Granpa never lies. In this lesson, students listen for the kinds of details that writers include that other people tend to miss. Teacher and students co-construct criteria about adding details to a their writing. Writing Trait: IdeasGrandpa Never Lies
When father and daughter go owling, they connect with each other and their environment. Jane Yolen uses vivid description to retell this event. In this lesson, students look at the author’s use of the senses as a means to elaborate … to add details. Writing Trait: Ideas  Owl Moon Lesson
When Amelia has to move, her mother gives her a notebook to record her thoughts and feelings in hopes it will make her feel better. Increase writing engagement by inviting students to doodle and add momentos to their own writing notebook ala Amelia.
A father retells a childhood event to his daughter. This book may be used to generate memoir topics – life’s lessons learned. Pages also contain clear examples of paragraphing. Have students use attached pages to write “When to start a new paragraph rules.” Writing Trait: Ideas

Use this book to brainstorm “life’s lessons learned.” This topic has the potential to fuel many memoirs.

Writing Trait: ConventionsWhen To Start a New Paragraph
Author Lois Lowry recalls the return of her father from the war. They spend a special day together getting to know one another and calling the crows. Don’t miss the picture on the last page. Great writing contains a mixture of short, medium and long sentences. In this lesson, students use Lowry’s text as a model and try some of their own. Writing Trait: Sentence FluencyCrow Call Sentence LessonWriting Trait: Word Choice

 

Crow Call Word Choice Lesson

 

During hard times, when Grandad moves out, Timmerman moves in. But is he trustworthy? When Timmerman is seen late at night, rumours start to fly. A surprising ending, reveals the answer. The lead sentence in this book creates a little mystery. In this lesson, students will learn a variety of ways to write lead sentences. Can leads become artful endings? Read through the lesson to find out! Writing Trait: OrganizationTimmerman Was Here 
This is a delightful book filled with funny similes that entertain. In this lesson, students are taught how to write similes and encouraged to add these snippets of poetry to other pieces of writing. Writing Traits:  Word ChoiceMy Dog Is As Smelly as Dirty Socks 
Fletcher shares all sorts of suggestions to help writers tell their life stories. With quick lines such as, “Write small. I’m talking details here.” he shares humorous insights about his craft. A great read aloud during a memoir writing unit. Share knowledge of the writer’s craft. This book contains lots of ideas to turn into explicit mini-lessons. Collect family stories – page 10
Gather life’s artifacts – page 12Sketch a map of your neighborhood (pg.13) or your heart (pg. 18)Find a focus – page 27Write small – page 46Inside/outside of a character – page 54
From the first line of text, you just know this book is loaded with voice! Sophie Peterman has a lot to say about baby brothers. Will her opinion change as she gets to know the newest member of the family? In this lesson, students learn about voice by assessing voice in sample pieces of text. Writing Trait: Voice
Sophie Peterman LessonSophie Peterman Sophie Peterman Voice Rubric
The sights, smells and activities at Uncle John’s Farm are the focus for this memoir. Told in first person, Sally Fitz Gibbon uses poetic sentence structure to carry her message. In this lesson, students mimic her use of “ing” sentence beginnings to write complex sentences themselves. Writing Trait: Sentence Fluency On Uncle John’s Farm LessonOn Uncle John’s Farm
This is a wordless picture book with hilarious photos of food. Use the photos as a means to gather details in a kid-friendly way. Use the Show, Don’t Tell strategy to describe emotions. In this example “mad” is analyzed. Writing Trait: Ideas
Food Play Lesson
This is another wordless picture book. It begins with a close-up view and gradually takes in more of the scene. When the pictures in this book are viewed backwards – from the last page to the first- it becomes a great zoom in on your topic lesson. Writing Trait: Ideas Zoom In on Your Topic 
Each chapter of Fletcher’s memoir, tells a story of his childhood. This is a great read-aloud during a memoir unit. Photocopy one of the shorter chapters and have students, with rubric in hand, search for writing skills worth imitating. Writing Trait: IdeasMarshfield Dreams Lesson Link (from writingfix.com) 
Told from the perspective of a baby who loves to write, this book will make you laugh! After hearing this book read aloud, students will write in role pretending they are a baby examining the world around them. Writing Trait: IdeasBorn Yesterday RAFTS lesson 
Given a classrooom writing assignment, all the other students seem to have things to write about. Author Janet Wong shares ideas to turn everyday events into personal stories worth telling. Use as a read-aloud. Writing Trait: Ideas Simply create a class chart listing some of Wong’s advice.