Lessons & Activities: Grade 3 Print this page

Grade 3 Lessons & Activities

Number Sense

12 Ways to Get to 11 - Represent and describe numbers to 20 in this open ended, partitioning and equation writing lesson, based on the picture book by Eve Merriam.

B.C. PLOs A2

Lesson

Student Sheet

150 Chart - Many of our students are unsure of what comes after 100.  In fact, a common misunderstanding is that 200 comes after 109.  We have developed this 150 chart to help address this issue and expose children to numbers beyond 100.  The print shop can provide you with laminate desk versions.

 150 Chart

French version

365 Penguins by Jean-Luc Fromental is a humourous book that can be a great launch into partitioning (lesson here) or can be the context for multiplication and divsion problems.

B.C. PLO A1 and B1

Lesson

Student Sheet

French Lesson

French Student Sheet

The Cheerio Counting Activity - Develop Number sense with this lesson, which leads well into place value activities.

B.C. PLOs A1-A5

Please note:  We discovered that Cheerio brand cereal o's only fit 40 o's per zip tie where as 'Generic' brands can fit 50 which is easier for young children to count.

 

Lesson

Cheerio Problem Solving

Letter from Ms.Harwijne's class

French 

Lesson

Cheerio Problem Solving

Doggone Dogs by Karen Beaumont is a delightful story of ten dogs that escape into a variety of misadventures.  I have attached a student sheet for further practice with partitioning.  Use the 365 Penguin lesson format above for this activity.

B.C. PLO A1

Student Sheet

Equal Shmequal - Explore equality with the concepts covered in this book by Virginia Kroll.

B.C. PLOs A1 and B3

Link to a Smart Board activity

Lesson

Student Journal

Student Sheet

Balance Board

Animal Cards

One is a Snail, Ten is a Crab - This engaging counting by 'feet' book written by April Sayre, gives children lots of prediction opportunities.

B.C. PLO A2

Lesson

Student Sheet

Animal Cards 1

Animal Cards 2

Poster 1

Poster 2

French

Lesson

Student Sheet

Poster

Poster 2

 

The Rabbit Problem by Emily Gravett presents Fibonacci's Sequence in a visually appealing way.

B.C. PLO A4 and B2

Lesson

Partitioning Student Sheet

Student Sheet Problems  - simpler version

Problems

4 by 4 grid

5 by 5 grid

6 by 6 grid

French 

Partitioning Student Sheet

Number Relationship Mats

We adapted these mats from an outstanding Ontario site called Teach Math: http://www.teachmath.openschoolnetwork.ca/

Thanks to K. Leith, E. Goodger and M. Brucker for their work on the French versions of this!

English

Primary

 

French  simplest

simpler

simple

Most Complete

Part Part Whole Thinking

Here is a clear explanation about Part Part Whole Thinking and its importance.  A child who can partition a number is one who is well positioned to understand place value.

The description and activities come from TeachMath.  The Part Part Whole cards are made in our print shop if you would like to order a set printed on bright manilla tag.  See the number operations section below for cards that relate to the story problem activities.

B.C. PLO A2

Part Part Whole Exploration

Cards 4 to 9

Cards 10 to 20

Cards with Cdn $

 

   

Place Value Cards

Thanks to Campbell River for sharing these cards with us.  Mary developed them after her First Steps Training.  They help to identify the value of the digit and can be copied so that each child has a set.

B.C. PLO A5

 

Place Value Cards

Student Sheet

 

Place Value Game - Get To 1000!

Have students take turns rolling a die (you pick the type - 6 sided or 10 sided), select x1, x10 or x100.  The first player whose sum of the product equals 1000 is the winner.

B.C. PLO: A2 and A6

 Get to 1000!

Skip Counting

Many of our children haven't realized that skip counting is just an effecient method of counting and the number they get whether counting by 1's would be the same as if they were counting by 2's, 5's or 10's.  We feel that it is very important to keep objects attached to their count to reinforce this important skill.

Thanks Jocelyn for sharing this lesson with us and thanks Marty for ordering more of these books!

B.C.PLO A1

 

Lesson with extensions

Student Sheet

Introduction to Multiplication Arrays

Thanks to Mrs. May's grade 3 class for your fantastic work!  We co-created criteria about multiplication throughout the lesson and focused on building a rows of model of multiplication as we built animal quilts.  Our quilt was long and skinny (1 row of 12 tiles) for a worm, but wide (3 rows of 4) for a dog, for example.  The lesson also includes multiplication as counting/skip counting, on a number line, doubling and halving and dimensions as factors.  ideas using arrays to connect multiplication / division is also provided.

 Lesson with pictures

 How Many Jelly Beans by Andrea Menotti - Representing larger numbers with additive and multiplicative thinking  Representing numbers to 1000 can be fun with this book.  1000 appears about half way through the book and you can stop there!  The thinking mat allows students to display a variety of ways to represent their number of their jelly beans - pick just-right numbers!  The book has many applications and would be great for skip counting, estimating, adding / subtracting stories....  BC PLOs A2, A11

 Thinking flexibly with numbers - 3 pages with english, student sample & french      

Number (Operations)

2-Digit Addition / Subtraction Strategies   These strategies have been co-created with students.  Choose a book like Garbage Barge, 365 Penguins..., drawing the context and numbers from the book.  As students perform their operations, discover and discuss their thinking.  Name those strategies and refer to them, so that everyone can practice each one.  Once a list is compiled and students have used them, provide other story problems to practice picking the best strategy for each question.                         B.C. PLO: A6

 

Examples of: Addition / Subtraction strategies

French Version

 

Basic Addition Facts

Thanks to Jeannie DeBoice of Sooke for joining us on our Pro-D day and allowing us to post this valuable resource.  When used with explicit strategy instruction, strategy practice and then strategy retrieval practice, students will improve their recall of basic addition facts.

Our print shop has sets of these cards available, but I have attached the files for you to print your own if you wish.

B.C. PLO A6 (only for sums to 20)

Jeannie's PowerPoint handout

How many sets for your class?

Test Cards

Practice Cards

Progress Chart

Strategy Retrieval Practice

Class List - Addition

10 Frame Posters

 

Basic Subtraction Facts

Thanks to Jeannie DeBoice of Sooke for joining us on our Pro-D day.  We are now printing the subtraction cards that she has developed.  The subtraction strategies explained in her handout are excellent.  Thanks to Jeannie for allowing us to post this valuable resource.  When used with explicit strategy instruction, strategy practice and then strategy retrieval practice, students will improve their recall of basic subtraction facts.

Our print shop has sets of these cards available, but I have attached the files for you to print your own if you wish.

B.C. PLO A7 (only for differences to 20)

Jeannie's PowerPoint handout

How many sets for your class?

Subtraction Test Cards

Subtraction Practice Cards

Progress Chart

Strategy Retrieval Practice - will post ASAP

Class List - Subtraction

10 Frame Posters

 My Addition Strategies From the addition strategies that you have co-created and named with your students, you can create a strategies mat.  Students can use recipe cards to write out "just right" number questions and then place their card on the strategy they used to determine the correct answer.  Partner work is great for this activity and we easily observe which strategies our students feel comfortable with. 

 Addition strategy board -1st page English, 2nd page French

 

 

 

I have Who Has?

This is an excellent classroom or small group game to reinforce a concept, from basic fact recall to much more complex concepts such as fractions.  Mathwire has compiled a list of classroom tips as well as a collection of downloadable premade games.  Thanks Jocelyn for bringing this new site to our attention.

B.C PLOs - varies dependent on game selected.

Link to Who Has? Games

 

Co-Creating Addition Strategies

 It is crucial that students explain the strategies that they use to find sums and that our mathematicans select an efficient strategy depending on the addends given.  This lesson uses a context, base 10 materials and an open number line so that students share their thinking to co-construct a class set of strategies. This co-creation increases student ownership and meaningful understanding of the strategies.

Co-creating addition strategies lesson through building with 10 frames and an open number line.

 

   

 

Addition and Subtraction Story Problems - The Garbage Barge

See lesson descriptions using the Story Problem thinkboard for ideas for this book.  This lesson includes a mixture of addition and subtraction story problems with result unknown and sums or differences to 1000.  Problems at  a lower level can be found in grades 2 and higher in grades 4 and 5.

B.C. PLO A9

 

 

Practice Problems

Story Problem Thinkboard

French - Since the book is not available in French, we suggest you read it in English and do the math in French.

Practice Problems

Story Problem Think Board

 

 

Addition and Subtraction Story Problems

This lesson includes a mixture of addition and subtraction story problems (result unknown, change unknown and start unknown) based on the new Michael Phelps book, How to Train with a T.Rex and Win 8 Gold Medals.  See grades 2 and 3 for simpler versions of the problems.

Thanks Marty for ordering this book for all of SD71 libraries.  You should be getting your copy soon!

B.C. PLO A3

See full size imageDiversity tip: Prepare copies of the adapted and grade 2 or 4 cards as well, so that children who are ready to work with bigger numbers have those available and those who aren't can solve the problems without tripping up on numbers too large for them.  They love the challenge of working up to 'just right' numbers for them.

Lesson

Warm-up Concentration

Partner Problems

Partner Problems - adapted

Independent Problems

French - Since the book is not available in French, we suggest you read it in English and do the math in French.Problems - French

Independent Problems - adapted

Independent Problems

Story Problem Think Board

Ten Flashing Fireflies - Use the context of this book by Philemon Sturges to represent and describe numbers to 10.

Thanks Deb at Courtenay El for letting me test run this lesson with your grade 2/3 class.  It was helpful to have the story problems for partner work available for the K, 1 and grade 3 lessons as well.  This helped us to deal with the diversity found in this class.

See full size imageDiversity tip: Prepare copies of the adapted and grade 2 or 4 cards as well, so that children who are ready to work with bigger numbers have those available and those who aren't can solve the problems without tripping up on numbers too large for them.  They love the challenge of working up to 'just right' numbers for them.

Lesson

Warm-up images

Story Problems for partner work

Student sheet for independent practice

Ten Flashing Fireflies 

Centipede's 100 Shoes by Tony Ross is a fun way to tackle addition and subtraction story problems.

B.C. PLO A9

More problems for sums less than 100 can be found on the grade 2 link.

See full size imageDiversity tip: Prepare copies of the adapted and grade 2 or 4 cards as well, so that children who are ready to work with bigger numbers have those available and those who aren't can solve the problems without tripping up on numbers too large for them.  They love the challenge of working up to 'just right' numbers for them.

 

Lesson

Warm up - part/part whole cards with shoes

Story Problems for Partner work

Story Problems for Independent work

Adapted Story Problems for Partner work

Adapted Story Problems for Independent work

Centipede's 100 Shoes

 

 

Sold! A Mothematics Adventure by Nathan Zimelman is a funny story of a boy's experience at an auction that gets out of hand.  It is a good launch to some addition and subtraction problems with the 'start' unknown.

B.C. PLO A9

See full size imageDiversity tip: Prepare copies of the adapted and grade 2 or 4 cards as well, so that children who are ready to work with bigger numbers have those available and those who aren't can solve the problems without tripping up on numbers too large for them.  They love the challenge of working up to 'just right' numbers for them.

Lesson

Part/Part/Whole Money cards for warm-up

Story Problems for partner work

Story Problems for Independent work

Adapted partner work

Adapted student sheet for independent practice

Sold! 

Ten Sly Piranhas:  A Counting Story in Reverse by William Wise is a fun jumping off point for the addition and subtraction story problems found in this lesson.  All problems are 'change' unknown.  This lesson could be used in place of Centipede's 100 Shoes or as an additional lesson to reinforce the concepts.

Thanks to Judy's grade two class who let me run this with them.  We enjoyed watching and hearing the children apply their mental math strategies as they were working through the problems.  Unifix blocks - grouped in 10's were a very helpful tool.

B.C. PLOs A9

Lesson

Story Problems for partner work

Adapted Story Problems for partner work

Student sheet for independent practice

Adapted student sheet for independent practice.

This lesson follows the format of Centiepede's 100 shoes which focuses on  a mixture of addition and subtraction story problems the change unknown.  It is based on the delightful book, Uno's Garden by Graeme Base (another lesson in the Patterns and Relation strand below.)

B.C. PLO A9

See full size imageDiversity tip: Prepare copies of the adapted. grade 2 or 4 cards as well, so that children who aren't ready to work with larger numbers can solve the problems without tripping up on numbers too difficult for them or they can work their way up.  They love the challenge of working up to 'just right' numbers for them.

 

Partner Problems

Adapted problems

Student Sheet for Independent Practice

You Can't Buy a Dinosaur with a Dime

This lesson focuses on result unknown story problems which involve money.  I used the money part-part whole cards to warm the students up before using the Think Boards to solve these problems.  I focused on recording the equation semantically.

 

See full size imageDiversity tip: Address the diversity in your class by making available the next level of problems (grade 4) so that they can work up to more challenging numbers.  The story problem think board also addresses diversity because students have choice about how they may tackle the problems:  from words, pictures, manipulatives or numbers (equations).

Lesson

Story Problems for partner work

 

Story Problem Think Board - a useful tool for helping children to work through story problems.

Story Problem Think Board

French

Story Problem Think Board

Patterns and Relations

Did You Hear Wind Sing Your Name? An Oneida Song of Spring written by Sandra De Coteau Orie has some excellent bead patterns on the front few pages.  The student sheet for this looks at comparing two increasing (or growth) patterns.

B.C. PLO B2

Student Sheet

Equal Shmequal - Explore equality with the concepts covered in this book by Virginia Kroll.

B.C. PLOs A1 and B3

Link to a Smart Board activity

Lesson

Student Journal

Student Sheet

Balance Board

Animal Cards

Patterns - Follow this link to an excellent math site called Math Wire.  Creators of the site have summarized a series of lessons focusing on Increasing or 'Growth Patterns', using manipulatives and leading to input/output tables.  Thanks Jocelyn for finding this one for us. 

B.C. PLOs B1 and B2

 Growth Patterns Lessons

 

The Rabbit Problem by Emily Gravett presents Fibonacci's Sequence in a visually appealing way.

B.C. PLO A4 and B2

Lesson

Student Sheet Partioning

Student Sheet Problems  - simpler version

Problems

4 by 4 grid

5 by 5 grid

6 by 6 grid

Two of Everything by Lily Toy Hong is a story that involves a doubling pot.  By using SD72's lesson, you can help students build input/output tables to develop an understanding of increasing patterns.

B.C. PLO B1 and B2 with extensions

 Lesson

Smartboard activity

Uno's Garden by Graeme Base is an intriguing book with an opportunity to explore algebraic reasoning.

Thanks to SD68 for supplying us with this lesson.

Lesson

Grid Paper

People

Plant - Green

Summary Chart

Summary Answer Key

     
Shape and Space    

Faces

This book by Miller and Goodman is a great context for mathematical shape and space concepts, as well as a fantastic connection to number sense, patterns, play-based learning and art!

 Lesson Ideas